And in vain they worship Me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.' Mark 7:7 EMTV
Global OutReach

You search the Scriptures, for you think in them you have everlasting life.

And they are the ones witnessing concerning Me. John 5:39 LITV. Luke 24:44


Applied Torah Behavior

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Biblical Literacy

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The Theology:

The Old Testament is Forever the Guidance for Salvation

What did Jesus fulfill in the Torah (Old Testament)

Jesus said that he did not come to loosen or abolish the Law but that He came to fulfill. What is fulfillable (brought to actuality, made real) in the Law (the Torah), of which one dot on the ‘i’ may not be deprecated? At the birth of the Apostolic foundational Christianity, the Apostles debated the question relating to the new converts to Christianity vis a vis Judaism as it was practised in Jerusalem. The Apostles must have been aware of the stance of Isaiah 56 regarding what a convert to Judaism has to comply with in the Torah, which basically was everything. But, in the time of Jesus, the Apostles knew that the days of Judaism in Israel were counting down to the demise of the country, as prophesied by Jesus. Thus, what did they decide for the Gentiles to do in the confusion created by the Apostolic evangelism with established Judaism? We read their decision in Acts 15 ( a lot of reading, sorry): Acts 15:1-31 RV And certain men came down from Judaea and taught the brethren, saying, Except ye be circumcised after the custom of Moses, ye cannot be saved. (2) And when Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and questioning with them, the brethren appointed that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question. (3) They therefore, being brought on their way by the church, passed through both Phoenicia and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles: and they caused great joy unto all the brethren. (4) And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church and the apostles and the elders, and they rehearsed all things that God had done with them. (5) But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees who believed, saying, It is needful to circumcise them, and to charge them to keep the law of Moses. (6) And the apostles and the elders were gathered together to consider of this matter. (7) And when there had been much questioning, Peter rose up, and said unto them, Brethren, ye know how that a good while ago God made choice among you, that by my mouth the Gentiles should hear the word of the gospel, and believe. (8) And God, which knoweth the heart, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as he did unto us; (9) and he made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith. (10) Now therefore why tempt ye God, that ye should put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? (11) But we believe that we shall be saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus, in like manner as they. (12) And all the multitude kept silence; and they hearkened unto Barnabas and Paul rehearsing what signs and wonders God had wrought among the Gentiles by them. (13) And after they had held their peace, James answered, saying, Brethren, hearken unto me: (14) Symeon hath rehearsed how first God did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name. (15) And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written, (16) After these things I will return, And I will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen; And I will build again the ruins thereof, And I will set it up: (17) That the residue of men may seek after the Lord, And all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, (18) Saith the Lord, who maketh these things known from the beginning of the world. (19) Wherefore my judgment is, that we trouble not them which from among the Gentiles turn to God; (20) but that we write unto them, that they abstain from the pollutions of idols, and from fornication, and from what is strangled, and from blood. (21) For Moses from generations of old hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every sabbath. (22) Then it seemed good to the apostles and the elders, with the whole church, to choose men out of their company, and send them to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas; namely, Judas called Barsabbas, and Silas, chief men among the brethren: (23) and they wrote thus by them, The apostles and the elder brethren unto the brethren which are of the Gentiles in Antioch and Syria and Cilicia, greeting: (24) Forasmuch as we have heard that certain which went out from us have troubled you with words, subverting your souls; to whom we gave no commandment; (25) it seemed good unto us, having come to one accord, to choose out men and send them unto you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul, (26) men that have hazarded their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. (27) We have sent therefore Judas and Silas, who themselves also shall tell you the same things by word of mouth. (28) For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things; (29) that ye abstain from things sacrificed to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication; from which if ye keep yourselves, it shall be well with you. Fare ye well. (30) So they, when they were dismissed, came down to Antioch; and having gathered the multitude together, they delivered the epistle. (31) And when they had read it, they rejoiced for the consolation. In verse 20, we read about the consensus that addressed the status quo of that society at that time: idolatry, fornication, not forbiddance to eat meat as it is mostly taught today, but to eat meat while avoiding the meat which has no blood in it. That is still Genesis 9:4 of the Torah in force at the birth of Apostolic Christianity. Since we want to be Apostolic foundational Christians, we subscribe to the teachings of the Apostles who were charged to teach us everything Jesus taught them (Matthew 28:20). Did the Apostles decree that the Gentiles should only follow the forbiddance of idolatry, fornication, abstention from eating blood while ignoring the rest of the Torah? That could not have been their intention since they reported that the Torah may not change in no way. Besides, they point out in verse 21 that they already are well versed in Moses (the Law or Torah) as Moses has been ‘read in the synagogues every sabbath’. The synagogues did not have the venue to fully comply all the ordinances of Judaism which require the priesthood system in conjunction with the existence of the Temple. Therefore, the Gentiles who converted to Judaism were not involved in performing the daily rites which were to be carried inside the Temple and officiated by a Priest. Paul even broadly discoursed on the abolition of circumcision which to us could have been carried out anywhere since God was pretty adamant about the practice (Exodus 12:48, Leviticus 12:1-8) as we read in Ezekiel 44:9: Ezekiel 44:9 LITV So says the Lord Jehovah: No son of an alien, uncircumcised of heart and uncircumcised of flesh, shall enter into My sanctuary, or any son of an alien who is among the sons of Israel. Now we know that they decided against the circumcision because, in part, the demise of the Temple or the Sanctuary was imminent. Still, what was fulfilled in the Torah? As Apostolic foundational Christians, we know from the Apostles that Jesus was the actual Lamb that the ceremonial services in the Temple foreshadowed and that there is no need for the ceremonial re-enactment of what Jesus had already fulfilled as the true Lamb. However, there are those believers who still want to get circumcised, to keep the feasts of the Old Testament. It is those things that had been fulfilled by Jesus. As a rule, anything in the Torah (the Law) that call for an offering involving an animal is no longer binding because Jesus is our sacrifice and because there is no Temple or priesthood to officiate over those sacrificial ordinances. Remember, on the line of the Priests are qualified to officiate over ceremonial activities, no other tribes. That is why in that spirit that you do not see Apostle Paul enjoining the Christians to pay tithes so he could ave used the money to help others in need. For example, no Christians are allowed to keep the Feasts, except the Sabbath, enumerated in Leviticus 23 because of the mandated sacrifices or ceremonial offerings that a Priest must officiate. The Sabbath is still binding because it was instituted at the Creation and also, in Leviticus 23, there are no ceremonial ordinances associated with the seventh day keeping as a weekly feast, in contrast to the other Sabbaths mentioned in the chapter. What did Jesus fulfill in the Torah that is no longer required of us to observe? Anything that involves the officiating of a Priest, an offering, or a sacrifice at the Temple. There is only one ordinance that Jesus instituted for us to keep as a feast in addition to the Sabbath in Luke 22:19-20, which Paul expounded upon. 1 Corinthians 11:23-30 LITV (23) For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which He was betrayed took bread; (24) and giving thanks, He broke and said, Take, eat; this is My body which is broken on behalf of you; this do in remembrance of Me. (25) In the same way the cup also, after supping, saying, This cup is the New Covenant in My blood; as often as you drink, do this in remembrance of Me. See Luke 22:19, 20 (26) For as often as you may eat this bread, and drink this cup, you solemnly proclaim the death of the Lord, until He shall come. (27) So that whoever should eat this bread, or drink the cup of the Lord, unworthily, that one will be guilty of the body and of the blood of the Lord. (28) But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and let him drink of the cup; (29) for he eating and drinking unworthily eats and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the body of the Lord. (30) For this reason many among you are weak and feeble, and many sleep.
Matthew 5:17-18 RV
(17) Think not that I came to destroy the law or the prophets: I came not to destroy, but to fulfill. (18) For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass away from the law, till all things be accomplished.